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[The Thunderbolts Project,Japan Division] エレクトリックユニバース  電気的宇宙論、プラズマ宇宙物理学、 電気的観察物理学、解説、翻訳、 深津 孝明

ザ・サンダーボルツ勝手連 Back to Plasma プラズマに戻る



Jan 18, 2011
Astronomers believe this nebula to be one degree above absolute zero. Temperature has little to do with electrical interactions, however.
天文学者は、この星雲が絶対零度より 1 度上にあると考えています。 ただし、温度は電気的相互作用とはほとんど関係ありません。

"Bipolar outflow" is a term used to describe the nebular structure seen above, although the cause of the effect remains baffling to scientists who study such phenomena. 

One theory is that its shape is due to slow-moving stellar material interfering with dust and gas that was ejected from a red giant star at higher velocities. 
1 つの理論は、その形状は、高速で赤色巨星から放出された塵やガスと干渉する、動きの遅い恒星物質によるものであるというものです。

Magnetic fields are sometimes invoked to describe lobate celestial objects, but the electric current flow needed for their generation is neglected.

Astronomical theories do not provide for a mechanism that can form nebular clouds and their energetic emissions. 

They do not know how stars “eject” their outer layers or how lobes of matter speed from their polar axes. 

The reason for that lack of understanding is that nebulae are not composed of inert gas, cold or hot, but of plasma.

According to Electric Universe theory, bipolar formations are not puzzling or surprising. 

Rather, they are readily explicable and expected. 

From nebula to galaxy, hourglass configurations are one signature of electric currents flowing through the aforementioned plasma.
星雲から銀河まで、砂時計の形状は、前述のプラズマを流れる電流の特徴の 1 つです。

Gases obey Newtonian laws of kinetic motion with molecules bumping into each other or accelerated by "shock waves" imparted by other particles. 

Plasma, on the other hand, behaves according to the laws of electricity. 

Stars are born within twisting Birkeland currents that flow around a circuit through the galaxy. 

The z-pinch effect squeezes plasma inside those filaments, igniting stars and forming toroids of electricity around stellar equators. 

It is actually the electrical current density that causes plasma in nebulae to glow, not reflections or thermal emissions.

Nebulae often exhibit long tendrils and bubbles within their symmetrical hourglass shapes. 

According to conventional theories, those features are the result of stellar winds blowing off the parent star, crashing into the slower material ahead of them. 

In the case of the Boomerang Nebula (and others) the unmistakeable appearance of Birkeland current filaments is clearly visible. 
ブーメラン星雲 (およびその他) の場合、バークランド電流フィラメントの紛れもない外観がはっきりと見えます。

The overall configuration corresponds to the helices and pillars that electrical discharges in plasma can create.

In the laboratory, plasma forms cells separated by thin walls of opposite charge called double layers. 

Could separation of charges also take place in nebulae? 

That question might take a long time to resolve because the only way to detect a double layer in space is to insert a Langmuir probe into one.
宇宙で(電気)二重層を検出する唯一の方法は、ラングミュア プローブを挿入することであるため、この問題の解決には長い時間がかかる可能性があります。

Although no definitive answers are yet forthcoming, Electric Universe advocates assume that plasma will behave in space in the same way as it does in the laboratory. 

Electric double layers resulting from charge separation impelled Nobel laureate Hannes Alfvén to suggest that they have their own classification alongside stars and galaxies.

Stephen Smith